What Is Sciatica?
Sciatica is a medical condition that causes pain along the sciatic nerve. This nerve is made up of various nerve roots which join together in the pelvic region. The sciatic nerve is considered the largest nerve in the body, with a diameter of up to 2 cm. Usually, sciatica affects only one side of the body. The pain is localized at any part of the nerve including:
What Are the Most Common Causes of Sciatica?
As the first step of treatment, our Brooklyn specialists conduct an overall assessment of the patient to determine the root of the problem. The majority of sciatica cases stem from an inflammatory condition that often results in nerve irritation. In rare cases, sciatic nerve condition may be caused by benign or cancerous tumor or metabolic disease such as diabetes.
Sciatica also occurs due to:
These triggers cause inflammation and pain accompanied by numbness of the affected leg because the sciatic nerve becomes pinched. Sometimes this nerve can get compressed by a tumor or get damaged due to diabetes.
If you are obese, have diabetes, sit for a long period of time during a day, have a job that requires a lot of heavy lifting, or drive for long periods you have a greater risk of suffering from sciatic nerve problems.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Sciatica?
A characteristic sign of this condition is pain first localized on the lower back (the lumbar part of the spine). The intensity varies from mild, moderate, to severe. This pain radiates to the buttocks and down the back of the leg to the toes. Sitting for a long period of time can make the pain worse.
Some people have numbness, tingling, or even muscle weakness of the affected leg.
How is Sciatica diagnosed?
Your sciatica doctor will first check the reflexes and muscles of the affected leg. Usually, he will require you to walk and lift your legs one at a time. The straight-leg test is a passive examination, in which the patient lays in a relaxed position. The sciatica specialist raises the leg and flexes the hip joint, keeping the knee in full extension. The doctor is looking for actions that will make the pain get worse. By assessing the level and the area of pain, the doctor may draw the first conclusion.
Some of the necessary tests for diagnosing sciatica include:
- X-Ray of the spine
- CT – Scan
- EMG (Electromyography)
What Kind of Doctor Treats Sciatica Pain?
Around 40% of people will experience sciatica issues at some time in their lives. It’s helpful to know who you can turn to for help if this condition ever affects you. For most sciatica cases, physical therapists and chiropractors can help and treat your condition.
For severe cases, you may be referred to a neurologist. A neurologist specializes in the nervous system.
If you are currently looking for a “sciatic nerve specialist near me”, look no further since we are here to help! We have a team of the top-rated sciatica doctors in Brooklyn. We create an effective treatment plan designed specifically for your individual condition.
Usually mild to moderate cases resolve on their own over time. If the pain does not go away after a week with over the counter pain killers or becomes progressively worse you should seek medical help.
Urgent sciatica treatment is necessary if you experience symptoms including:
- Sudden and severe pain in your lower back or one side of the leg due to a trauma or work injury, especially in cases of car accidents
- Trouble controlling your bladder
- If your sudden pain is accompanied by numbness and muscle weakness.
Most people affected with sciatic problems fully recover with or without necessary sciatica treatment. In some cases, it can lead to permanent nerve damage. This is more likely to occur in cases of trauma or injury of the lower back, when pain is accompanied by numbness of the affected area and when there is also a loss of bladder control.
If the pain does not resolve on its own, or if the pain is severe and getting worse, your sciatic pain physician will prescribe these medications:
- Muscle relaxants
- Tricyclic antidepressants
- Anti-seizure medications
What Is the Most Effective Pain Relief for Sciatica?
Physical therapy treatment plays a great role in providing sciatica pain relief. Once the acute pain is relieved, your doctor can design a physical rehabilitation program. Physical therapy helps you strengthen your muscles, improve your posture, improve your flexibility, and prevent any damages to your spine.
These injections help reduce your pain by suppressing the inflammation of the nerve.
Surgery is the last treatment option for sciatica when nerve compression when you have severe muscle weakness, loss of bladder control, and chronic pain. Surgery consists of removing the bone spur or the portion of the spinal disk that has herniated and compresses the nerve. Surgery is only an option when other sciatica treatment options have not done their effect. See Minimal Invasive Spine Surgery
YESS Selective Endoscopic Discectomy™
This minimally-invasive procedure is performed through a small tubular device. It is designed to relieve pain caused by herniated discs pressing on nerve roots. The surgery is performed under local or epidural anesthesia, allowing the patient to leave the hospital the same day.
What are the Risk Factors for Developing Sciatica?
The risk of developing sciatica can be higher because of certain behaviors and factors. These common factors are age, jobs that involve a lot of strain on the back, diabetes, and smoking. If you are already facing this health condition, you can always make use of our sciatica treatments in Brooklyn, NY.
How Can Sciatica be Prevented?
Sciatica can be prevented by following simple steps. It is recommended to exercise more, maintain proper body posture, and mind the way you move. Make sure you lift heavy objects in a proper way. For more information about prevention methods, you can always schedule an appointment with our sciatic pain physicians.
What to Expect After Sciatic Nerve Pain Treatment?
Most sciatica problems resolve in less than 4 to 6 weeks, without any subsequent complications. In case of reocurring pain or short term-pain relief, our NYC specialists may prescribe more complex therapy. With steroid treatment, you can expect sciatica relief which can last anywhere from six weeks to half a year.
How to Find Sciatica Doctors in Brooklyn Near Me?
Approximately 40% of people experience sciatica pain at some point in their lives. It is important to know who can offer effective treatment. Pain Physicians NYC is the leading clinic for pain management. Our top-rated and experienced doctors have the expertise to manage almost any kind of pain.
See more Advanced Pain Management
If the search “sciatica doctors near me” didn’t bring the desired results, consider our pain management center. Pain Physicians NY offers a unique and individualized approach to manage Sciatica nerve pain. By choosing our services, you receive a professional assessment and customized treatment plan from our best sciatica doctors in your local area.